Friday, August 21, 2020

Implementing Responsive Web Design Enhanced -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Examine About The Implementing Responsive Web Design Enhanced? Answer: Presentation There used to be when website specialists and customers needed to spend additional assets and bucks in the structuring and advancement of discrete sites to for various screens. Presently, different contraptions with an assortment of screen goals can run a similar site. The Queensland University of Technology, in their official site, has adjusted a responsive website composition format. The site is planned for giving an intelligent and enlightening interface to the understudies from the college or the applicants who wish to look for confirmation in the college. The sites reason and targets are portrayed in detail through this report. Certain highlights of the site will likewise be featured. This report causes quick to notice the intuitive and the structure parts of their responsive site. The site is basically assessed with the assistance of the Responsive Web Design (RWD) standards and the Google Chrome Simulator to test different showcase reproductions. The Queensland University of Technology site The QUT site is the official business site of this college from Queensland. The University is tallied among one of the most celebrated colleges in Australia. Through the site, they wish to connect with millions everywhere throughout the world and advance their foundation. The site encourages the watchers to master everything about the site. The site gives nitty gritty data about the different courses that are offered by the University. The Universities explore plans are likewise referenced in the site. The applicants can peruse through the exploration segment of the site and increase information about the universitys method of leading examination and studies. Further, the site features how the University offers altered corporate training to improve their understudies industry experience before they move out into the corporate world. The site additionally lectures about the Universitys activities to give government and private area temporary position openings, close by research and pr ofession consultancy. Finally, the site will in general instruct the watchers with the grounds map. They give subtleties of the offices that every one of their grounds offers, notwithstanding the extra-curricular occasions and projects held in the different open scenes around the city. Being a college site, gives all the vital highlights required by the University understudies or different applicants to find out about their training in the college. Extraordinary Features The site offers a serious attractive arrangement of highlights that are helpful for instructive purposes. The site gives a valuable route bar that helps the client to peruse through various segments or pages of the site. A route bar inside a website page is constantly essential. It is a type of UI that comprises of valuable connects to take the clients to different areas of the site. This unmistakably implies, in whichever page is the client surfing as of now, with the direction of the route bar he can instantly get to different pages too. Notwithstanding the route bar highlight, the site additionally has a decent website streamlining. At whatever point the web crawlers are hit with a hunt question about the Queensland University of Technology, the site and its different modules are appeared in the outcomes. This makes it simple for the clients to scan for explicit data about the site. This component additionally encourages the University to connect with general society, along these lines improving its exposure viewpoints. The site contains a very much highlighted rundown of contact subtleties of the college, its different grounds and of the various segments of instruction that the University offers. The understudies, gatekeepers and competitors are offered with this component to contact the college and inquiry their cases, objections, concerns or questions. The Search Staff and Contact include encourages the clients to look for the contacts of specific staff part or of explicit course offices. A live guide with pointer areas to the different grounds is likewise joined with traversable capacities. The site permits watchers to login to the site and access the administrations as an enlisted client. For new guests, the site has the element to sign in as a part. The guests are approached to interface their Australian Access Federation record to the site account so as to sign in. Certain safety efforts are likewise adjusted in this procedure, which the QUT site places in. These security highlights are to be talked about in subtleties in a later area of the report. The News area of the site is an incredible element. The area is flashed normally with news and updates from the examination, mechanical and other instructive fields, from all over QUT. Also, the office that it offers for International understudies to teach themselves about the continuous and course subtleties of the University is an exceptional point out too. The internet based life handle joins are richly shown underneath each page of the site. This is a significant element offered by pretty much every current sites. This component serves different significant capacities for the advancement and adds enormously to the ease of use parts of the site. In conclusion, the primary component of any site that pulls in most of traffic is its structure. The responsive plan of the site is a key post. A responsive website architecture is the need of great importance for any site. This permits clients to visit and peruse their preferred site from any gadget, without stressing over the perceivability format issues because of progress in screen goals (Bryant and Jones 2012). All the previously mentioned highlights will be examined in subtleties with sharp consideration towards the upsides and downsides of each. This will assist with recognizing all the positive and negative parts of the site. Basic assessment In this segment, the site will be fundamentally assessed with respect to recognizing all positive and negative parts of its highlights. The site has a significant quality measure of highlights accessible for the guests. All the highlights that have been referenced above are amazingly valuable yet in a similar time, they need assessment. The capacity of these highlights must be tried to get an away from about the working of the equivalent. Each component that the site gives are to be completely utilized and tried in various screen goals and assessed in like manner. The positive parts of the site Not all highlights are consummately executed in the site. Nonetheless, there are a lot of incredible plan executions featured through the site. The site guarantees the best operational and overhauling offices through a portion of their highlights. The positive parts of the site are recorded and talked about underneath: Responsive relative format: The site can rebuild itself as per the screen size on which it is gotten to from. Subsequent to running the site on all the suggested screen goals through the Google Chrome Simulator, it tends to be expressed that the site can without much of a stretch adjust with the changing screen sizes. All the alternatives, tabs, pictures and messages introduced in the site adjust themselves impeccably on each accessible screen goals or gadgets. Dissimilar to static units of a non-responsive site page where substance keep up their sizes regardless of the goals changes and give a poor interface, the relative design is a shrewd and valuable procedure. One incredible part of goals based customization can be seen in the route bar alteration. In medium estimated versatile based screens like 480x640 or considerably littler 200x320, the route bar doesn't show up similarly as it does in the expansive screen see. The route tabs loop up into one unit and is found in the route button. The working of the tabs, anyway continue as before. The Navigation Bar: The route bar that supervisors the whole sites guide has been planned with absolute matchless quality. Every one of the tabs introduced in the route bar permit adaptable hyper-connecting to the next significant pages on the site. The guests can without much of a stretch explore to and fro a website page through this. Be that as it may, here it has been planned so as to accomplish something beyond basic site page route. On drifting over every tab of the route bar, the client can see the individual substance of that specific page in a significance. On drifting ceaselessly from the particular tab, the skimming data page vanishes. This encourages the clients to choose already on whether to visit the tab or not, contingent upon its substance. These tabs are found inside the route fastens in littler screens as referenced previously. Stream of substance: The substance of the site don't agree with one another when the screen size is modified. Or maybe, they change their design in like manner to keep up the first dividing and edge details. The figure underneath shows this part of the site with complexity to other static plans. The Search Feature: The inquiry alternative works quite quick and with most extreme precision. It likewise gives the client the chance to explore between the fields that they wish to look in. This makes it easier to scan for the specific question, among numerous comparable outcomes. Utilization of illustrations: The graphical pictures utilized in the site are of high caliber. The pictures don't pixelate at any degree of extending. It should likewise be noticed that the pictures utilized are alluring and they help to pass on the specific message of the separate page. The Negative parts of the site On close investigation of the site, a few additional parts of the site could be surrounded out. Aside from the previously mentioned geniuses of the site and its plan, beneath, the negative parts of the equivalent will be featured. They are as per the following: The spread picture format: On decreasing the screen size in the test system to fit the size of a medium or little versatile devi

Sunday, July 12, 2020

How Depression Is Diagnosed

How Depression Is Diagnosed Depression Diagnosis Print How Depression Is Diagnosed By Nancy Schimelpfening Nancy Schimelpfening, MS is the administrator for the non-profit depression support group Depression Sanctuary. Nancy has a lifetime of experience with depression, experiencing firsthand how devastating this illness can be. Learn about our editorial policy Nancy Schimelpfening Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on February 12, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 08, 2020 Depression Overview Types Symptoms Causes & Risk Factors Diagnosis Treatment Coping ADA & Your Rights Depression in Kids Jose Luis Pelaez Inc/ Blend Images / Getty Images In This Article Table of Contents Expand Self-Checks/At-Home Testing Tests and Scales Diagnosing Depression Diagnostic Changes How It All Fits Together View All The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a handbook that provides guidelines for clinicians who diagnose psychiatric illnesses. Each condition is categorized and given a clear set of criteria that must be met for a diagnosis to be made.   The latest edition, commonly known as the DSM-5, was released by the American Psychiatric Association on May 18, 2013. It replaced the DSM-IV, which had been in use since 1994. As is the case with each new edition of the DSM, there were some changes made to the diagnostic criteria for certain disorders from the DSM-IV to DSM-5, including depression. Some disorders have been removed, while others have been modified or added.   The following is a look at how depression is diagnosed including an overview of the changes that came with the DSM-5 and what those changes mean for healthcare providers and patients.  Verywell / JR Bee   Self-Checks/At-Home Testing If you are concerned that you may be experiencing symptoms of depression, its essential that you reach out to a medical or mental health professional. While there are online resources, screenings, and quizzes, they do not always come from reliable sources and cannot definitively diagnose any medical or mental health condition.?? However, you may find it helpful to use an online quiz or screening tool to assess your symptoms and organize them to take to your doctor or therapist. Having this information on hand can help you broach the topic of depression. How to Talk to Your Doctor About Depression The online questionnaires will ask you about your life and your feelings. Often, they take the form of a checklist with many Yes or No questions that you check off if they apply to you. For example, you may be asked to check a box if the following questions are true for you: I feel hopeless, sad, and guilty.I have trouble falling and staying asleep.I have been eating more or less than usual and have noticed changes in my weight. While there is an abundance of self-tests for depression on the internet, they dont all come from reputable sources. You will not be able to self-diagnose a medical or mental health condition with a quiz or checklist, but these online tools can help you initiate a conversation with your doctor or therapist. Some questionnaires will ask you to rate your responses to a statement on a numerical scale. At one end, a 0 might indicate that a statement does not apply to you at all, and at the other end, a 10 might indicate that the statement applies to you all the time. For example, you might be asked to rate how much you identify with the following statements by selecting a number from 0 to 10, where 0 means Never and 10 means Always. I have trouble focusing or concentrating. I spend time with people that I care about.I have felt like the people in my life would be better off without me. Screening tools may also ask personal questions about your habits and lifestyle, such as whether you are married, go to work or school, or use substances. A medical or mental health professional will also ask you these types of questions to help rule out specific causes for depression, such as the loss of a spouse or job or the use of alcohol or drugs. What to Do If You Think Youre Depressed Tests and Scales Medical and mental health professionals use established, research-backed guidelines, screening tools, checklists, and other criteria to help them make a diagnosis of depression.?? A provider can use these tools to guide them through observing and talking to a person who might be experiencing symptoms of depression. For example, taking note of whether a person is showered and appropriately dressed, the tone and speed of their speech, and other aspects of their appearance and demeanor can provide clues. Asking direct questions about a persons day-to-day life and their feelings can also provide valuable insight into the cause of a persons depressive symptoms. In some cases, a person may have symptoms of depression but not have a major depressive disorderâ€"for example, if they are grieving the loss of a loved one. Providers also use these guidelines to go through a list of other possible causes for a persons symptoms that might be easily overlooked. Certain medical conditions and medications can cause symptoms of depression that will generally improve once the underlying cause is addressed. In these cases, the guidelines may suggest that a provider refers the person to a colleague for additional testing or examinations. For example, if a doctor thinks a persons symptoms could be stemming from a brain lesion, they may want them to see a neurologist or have an MRI scan. Can Depression Be Detected With a Blood Test? A person who is using alcohol or illicit drugs may have depressive symptoms that are related to their substance use. In this case, a screening tool may alert a doctor to test their blood or urine for certain drugs or refer them to an addiction treatment center. Changes in the DSM-5 While the DSM-5 doesnt introduce any new diagnostic tests for depression, it does promote a new “integrated” approach for clinicians to diagnose mental health disorders.??   Clinicians who were used to using the older methods for diagnosing depression didnt have to completely change how they approached the process with the DSM-5, as the new integrated approach is compatible with previous assessment tools.   Common Depression Tests and Scales Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)Adolescent PHQ-9Beck Depression InventoryMajor Depression Inventory  Rome Depression InventoryChildren’s Depression Inventory  Zung Self-Rating Depression ScaleHamilton Rating Scale for DepressionCenter for Epidemiological Studies DepressionGeriatric Depression Scale New Tools for Assessing Suicide Risk The DSM-5 does include new scales for assessing suicide risk: one for adults and one for adolescents.?? These scales are intended to help clinicians identify suicide risk in patients as they are developing treatment plans.   The tools are included in the new Section III of the DSM-5 and are intended to better support clinicians in identifying risk factors for suicide as well as scales for assessing suicidal behaviors (which includes differentiating self-harm from suicide attempts).??   Suicide Warning Signs and Risk Factors Diagnosing Depression Instead of thinking about depression as being either present or absent (abnormal or normal), the new approach outlined in the DSM-5 considers the symptoms of mental health disorders as existing on a continuum. The severity of a person’s depression will depend on where their symptoms fall along the spectrum.?? Using an integrated approach to diagnosing depression allows clinicians to recognize and attend to the different ways in which each person they treat will experience depression.   Prior editions of the DSM outlined narrower approaches. The view could be problematic for doctors working with patients who did not necessarily fit into a specific diagnostic category or “box, and therefore may not respond well to standard treatments. DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria To be diagnosed with major depression, a persons symptoms must fit the criteria outlined in the DSM-5.?? Feelings of sadness, low mood, and loss of interest in their usual activities must mark a change from a persons previous level of functioning and have persisted for at least two weeks. These feelings must also be accompanied by at least five other common symptoms of depression, including: Change in appetite, losing or gaining weightSleeping too much or not sleeping well (insomnia)Fatigue and low energy most daysFeeling worthless, guilty, and hopelessAn inability to focus and concentrate that may interfere with daily tasks at home, work, or schoolMovements that are unusually slow or agitated (a change which is often noticeable to others)Thinking about death and dying; suicidal ideation or suicide attempts These symptoms must cause the individual clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. The symptoms must not be a result of substance abuse or another medical condition. Doctors must rule out other mental health conditions that can have a depression component but are not strictly a major depressive disorder (e.g., bipolar disorder and schizoaffective disorder). To be diagnosed with major depression, a person must not have had a manic or hypomanic episode, which typically occurs in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorder May Be Misdiagnosed as Depression Finally, to be diagnosed with major depression, a medical professional must determine that the persons symptoms dont have another cause, such as a medical condition, a side effect from a medication, or related to the use of illicit substances. No significant changes were made to the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder with the introduction of the DSM-5. The core symptoms, as well as the requirement for the symptoms to have lasted for at least two weeks, remain the same from previous editions.   The DSM-5 reminds clinicians to assess patients with depression for symptoms of mania and hypomania. The presence of these symptoms may indicate the new specifier for depression, “with mixed features,” should be added. Diagnostic Changes From DSM-IV to DSM-5 In addition to the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder, the changes published in the DSM-5 included the addition of new depressive mood disorders and specifiers. New Mood Disorders Added One major area of change in the DSM-5 was the addition of two new depressive disorders: disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).?? The diagnosis of DMDD is reserved for children between the ages of 6 and 18 who demonstrate persistent irritability and frequent episodes of out-of-control behavior. The diagnosis was added to address concerns that bipolar disorder in children was being overdiagnosed.?? PMDD is a more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The conditions are characterized by intense depression, anxiety, moodiness, and irritability related to the hormonal fluctuations throughout the menstrual cycle. PMDD previously appeared in Appendix B of the DSM-IV under Criteria Sets and Axes Provided for Further Study. In the DSM-5, PMDD appears in the depressive disorders section. Dysthymia Removed Another change addresses the way chronic depression is conceptualized and distinguished from episodic depression. Dysthymia (or dysthymic disorder) is now included under the umbrella of persistent depressive disorder (PDD).   Persistent depressive disorder also includes chronic major depression, which was added because researchers did not find a significant difference between dysthymia and chronic major depression.??   New Specifiers for Depression The  DSM-5 added new specifiers to further clarify depression diagnoses when applicable: with mixed features and with anxious distress.?? With mixed features: This new specifier allows for the presence of manic symptoms within a diagnosis of depression for patients who do not meet the full criteria for a hypomanic or manic episode (as in bipolar disorder).With anxious distress:  This specifier was added to account for the presence of anxiety with the potential to impact prognosis and treatment choices. What Is Depression With Mixed Features? Bereavement Exclusion Removed The DSM-5 removed what was known as the bereavement exclusion for major depressive episodes.?? In the past, depression symptoms lasting less than two months following the death of a loved one would have been classified as a major depressive episode.   The new edition of the DSM acknowledges that there is no scientifically valid reason for treating the grieving process any differently from other stressors that can trigger a depressive episode.??? Additionally, it acknowledges that symptoms of bereavement may last much longer than two months. In fact, losing a loved one can lead to depressive symptoms that last for years.   The new edition includes a detailed footnote to help clinicians distinguish between normal grief and a major depressive episode which can help them decide whether an individual would benefit from a specific treatment. A major depressive episode triggered by bereavement may respond to the same treatment used for other forms of depression, including medication, therapy, or a combination of the two interventions.   Grief vs. Depression How It All Fits Together Getting a diagnosis of depression is a multi-step process that often begins when someone notices they do not feel quite like themselves. In some cases, a persons friends and family may notice the subtle signs of depression first and encourage them to seek treatment. While its vital to work with a qualified medical and mental health professionals who can diagnose and treat depression, you might find it helpful to use patient-friendly online screening tools or quizzes to help assess your symptoms. Having this information on hand when you go to your doctor might make it easier to talk about how youre feeling. Difference Between Provisional and Differential Diagnoses Clinicians also use screening tools, questionnaires, and other tests to assess someone for depression. Many of these scales and checklists are similar, if not the same, as those patients can access online. Whats important to remember is that doctors and mental health professionals are specially trained to administer and interpret the results. After evaluating someones symptoms and comparing them to the diagnostic criteria for major depression laid out by the DSM-5, a provider might decide a person needs additional testing to rule out other possible causes for their symptoms (such as a medical condition or use of certain medications or substances). Establishing an accurate cause for a persons symptoms of depression is essential to ensuring that they receive the right treatment. While many conditions and lifestyle factors can cause a person to feel depressed, these causes may not respond to the same treatments. The updated DSM-5 introduced several subtle, but important, changes to the way doctors, mental health providers, and researchers approach depression. The updates were intended to help healthcare professionals make more timely and accurate diagnoses of depression, as well as inform their decisions about treatment.   The shift toward patient-centered approaches in health care, but especially mental health care, will also influence how the diagnostic process feels for patients. Ideally, the updates to the DSM-5 that support doctors and mental health professionals with diagnosis and treatment will have a positive impact on patient experience. Overall, these changes reflect the desire to improve outcomes for people with mental health disorders. A person needs a timely and accurate diagnosis, support, and access resources and treatment to manage depression effectively. Do You Know About All the Treatment Options for Depression?

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

The Portrayal Of Alfred The Great Of Shakespeare s Life...

When one approaches a movie or television show about historical events it is important to remember that the primary purpose of this media is to entertain. This does not mean however that there aren t kernels of truth which reflect aspects of what actually took place. For example in the television show The Last Kingdom, there are some liberties taken with the historical period. Some characters are complete works of fiction or events have been changed. Something that remains the same however is the attitude of Alfred the Great towards writing, specifically recording events as they occur. This aspect of Alfred s personality is on display in Asser s Life of King Alfred and thus when one compares the representations it is obvious that this portion of Alfred s character was transposed successfully to the television screen. While The Last Kingdom might take liberties with certain aspects of this time period, its emphasis on Alfred placing an importance on the written word, is undoubtedly a fair representation of the man s character. From the records that remain of Alfred s rule it is quite obvious that the man had an obsession with the written word, and the power associated with knowledge. Both Asser s Life of Alfred and the prose preface to Alfred s translation of the Pastoralis show glimpses of a man who is preoccupied with writing and its inherent worth. In Asser s Life of Alfred one section describing Alfred s youth makes the man out to be something innatelyShow MoreRelatedPortrayal of War in the Pre 1900 Poetry Essay3056 Words   |  13 PagesPortrayal of War in the Pre 1900 Poetry Before 1900, war was always seen as a glorious thing. People truly believed in the words of the ancient writer Horace, Dulce et decorum est, pro patria mori. This phrase can be translated, as It is a lovely and honourable thing; to die for ones country. Pre 1900 war poetry was strongly patriotic and glossed over the grim reality of death, preferring instead to display the heroic aspects of fighting. If death was mentionedRead More Promoting Family Values in Macbeth Essay2277 Words   |  10 PagesPromoting Family Values in Macbeth  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚   The play Macbeth, by William Shakespeare, was first printed in 1623, and is a play that is confrontational and disturbing to the values of the audience. Values such as truth, masculinity, security and goodness are all implied in the play, as their opposites are shown to be destructive and life shattering. Of all of Shakespeare’s plays, Macbeth is the one most obsessively concerned with evil. It is dark, brooding and bloodthirsty; by way of illustrationRead Morewisdom,humor and faith19596 Words   |  79 PagesTable of Contents (with links) Walter G. Moss 1 Table of Contents (with links) 1 Wisdom, Perspective, and Values 2 Humor’s Contribution to Wisdom 4 Humor and Wisdom in Europe: Some Highlights 5 Renaissance Humor: Erasmus, Rabelais, Cervantes, Shakespeare 5 Two European Russians: Anton Chekhov and Vladimir Soloviev 9 Reflections on Humor from Nietzsche to the Theatre of the Absurd 12 Humor and Wisdom in the United States: Lincoln, Beecher, Twain, Sandburg, and Buchwald 17 From The Times (of London)Read MoreAmerican Literature11652 Words   |  47 PagesChristian utopia Genre/Style: ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · sermons, diaries personal narratives captivity narratives jeremiads written in plain style Effect: ï‚ · ï‚ · instructive reinforces authority of the Bible and church Historical Context: ï‚ · ï‚ · a person s fate is determined by God all people are corrupt and must be saved by Christ Rationalism / Age of Enlightenment period of American Literature - 1750-1800 Content: ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · ï‚ · national mission and American character democratic utopia use of reason

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cause and Effect of Stress in Young Children - 1162 Words

Determining Causes and Effects- Draft Version Jacqueline C. Winfield Professor Leverett Butts English Composition- ENG 115 Friday, November 22, 2012 Young children are not always the first people we think of when it comes to the stress factor. We tend to believe that they are living in their best years, however with changes in economic situations such as parents not remaining married, being exposed to violence, and even feeling the need to belong a child can become overwhelmed. According to Wikipedia contributors, stress in young children can be beneficial to proper growth and development if it is not persistent (2013). Stress in young children should be monitored by caregivers, teachers, and others to prevent youth from†¦show more content†¦This increases the needs for medical doctors and researchers to aid in children’s well-being. Stress can make one over-aggressive causing children to become more violent. This possibly will increase the rates in bullying in schools at present to domestic abuse in the future. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is define as a mental condition that can affect a person who has had a very shocking or difficult experience and that is usually characterized by depression, anxiety, etc.( Merriam- Webster, 2013). When PTSD is not diagnosed for a long period it harms the brain causing impaired brain circuit formation resulting in small brain size in younger children (Wikipedia, 2013). Another effect of stress in youth is obesity. It has been an ongoing problem in past years. With the increasing demand of fast food chains it has become a quick fix for people to over indulge in horrible eating habits. With fast food restaurants’ remanding open late night and the famous value menu we are losing our youth to chubbiness. Between the factors of PTSD and obesity a child may become withdrawn. When this happens it can increase suicide rates. 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Bank Redevelopment for Commercial Redevelopment Methodology

Question: Discuss about theBank Redevelopment for Commercial Redevelopment Methodology. Answer: Introduction A redevelopment plan, though a costly venture, is done when the benefits outweigh the drawbacks(Hardie, et al., 2012). However, there are various considerations put in place to ensure that the project is in line with the safety requirements as well as the regulatory requirements put in place by the law. As per the redevelopment of the bank, the main concern is to increase the office space because of the increase in the economy around the locality. The building remains the headquarters of the bank but more to this, there is a likelihood of the increased occupancy of the building. Therefore, the redevelopment will need to ensure that there is a proper and sustainable use of the space around the CBD.Moreover, during the reconstruction and the redevelopment stage, the bank needs temporary headquarters and a space to continue with its activities and this can basically be ensured by proper planning prior to the redevelopment phase. One major aspect of the redevelopment is the mutual agreement between the bank and the company. There is bound to be mutual gain between the two organizations with each contributing a substantial share in the redevelopment. Agreements, as well as contracts, stipulate the various roles that each of the shareholders in the plan will play(Turner, 2008). As per the bank, the costs incurred will be on the on the architectural designing of the building, with the other costs and planning done by the property development team. The remaining part will be played by the construction company. Finally, when all is said and done, the bank will retain the rights associated with the new building with the other parties playing, minor, but significant roles in the building ownership. All this is entrained in this report: the redevelopment entities and the necessary recommendations that may be associated with this agreement. Contracts in the redevelopment To begin with, there are various factors that need to be taken into consideration for the redevelopment of the property. However, because am in the position of a commercial manager in the construction company, which basically means the position that overlooks the construction management process, all this will fall under my wing. The design phase is one of the most underlooked, but yet the most important phase in the construction, or the redevelopment of any structural outfit. The bank manager has outlined and selected the company of his choosing on the architectural plans of the building. The plans need to be viable in the aspect of space as well as the costs to be incurred(Envision Eugene Technical Resource Group, 2011).in this regard, an architectural plan that does not comply with the safety standards, as well as the structural functioning of the building, is basically a waste of resources(Lowe Leiringer, 2008). Therefore, the plans brought forth should have an opinion of the con tractors and as a matter of fact, the property development team in it. All this is to make sure that the workability of the plans is relatively easy and the costs incurred are not that exorbitant. This process basically requires bidding but as in our case, this is already done selectively. The architectural planning stage is an intricate one where there is the need for contractual agreement(Lowe Leiringer, 2008). In the agreement between the bank owner and the architectural firm, some of the things that need to be discussed, and thereafter put on paper include: a decrease in the risk factor associated with the proposed structural drawings(OBrien, 2008), the control over the performance(Jonas McCarthy, 2009), costs and the standards of the building(Miller, 2008), the viability of the plans in relation to a changing work environment(Dewar, 2007) and generally value for the money put into the project. In line with my work position as the commercial manager of the construction company, the aspect of bidding falls under my wing. There are basically two types of bidding processes that any construction process entails: a closed bid and a closed bid (IACCM, 2013). Since the redevelopment is, to a large extent, part of our plans, the bidding needs not to be done. Closed bids are reserved for projects which are basically privately owned(Ryall Sampson, 2009). The bank manager has been selective in the bidding process in which case he has selected our particular company for this specific job. As a matter of fact, the bidding process has been reduced to just an agreement between the bank manager and the managing director. Moreover, there is no selection of the type of the work contractor based on the type of agreement. The contractor, as well as the client, are all under one umbrella of our organization. Considering that there is no selection of the contractor on the basis of the type of contract, we as the company have the right to practice the work ethics on the basis of the best value selection(Schildkret, 2008). In this, the bank manager has delegated all the responsibilities of the redevelopment process on the property management by basically combining the qualification requirements and the best price. Both the property redevelopment branch and the construction branch are under one roof and as such, the work is an internal affair. Our expertise in the construction, as well as the redevelopment, plays a significant role in this task. Therefore, in line with the architectural drawings and the construction process, our main aim is to ensure that there is a proper and appropriate, economically viable, redevelopment phase. The company will have to focus on minimizing the costs of construction but at the same time ensuring that the building is up to the best standards and regulations of building construction(Beaume, et al., 2009). There are four payment criteria for any redevelopment phase: Cost-free plus, guaranteed max price, lump sum and unit price (Lowe, 2013).Since our main redevelopment agenda is to ensure that the building is completed within the shortest duration of time, we will have to examine the three payment criteria for proper selection. The first criteria of cost-plus-fee basically are very beneficial to the contractor. What this basically means is that the client will have to part with some amount of money, basically a percentage of the total, in addition to the contract stipulations(IACCM, 2013). However, since the client and the contractor fall all under one roof, there is the aspect of all the money remaining in the organization and as such, might modify the basic contract stipulations. The second type of contract is the guaranteed maximum price which is, more or less, like the cost-plus-fee, but the payment fee is fixed and as such cannot go beyond a certain limit, as agreed by both parties. Unit price contract is the type of contract in which both the contractor and the client agree when the price of construction cannot be determined easily. On this regard, the client stipulates the units that should provide a maximum expenditure for the construction. Finally, there is the lump sum payment contract where the client pays the full amount of money required by the contractor(Lowe, 2013). The contract basically does not consider the success or failure of the project. Furthermore, there is no consideration on whether the cash brought forth will fully cover the completion of the project. As outlined above and with the proper consultation between the two branches of the organization, the most likely contract of payment that is to be employed for the success of the project is the unit price. The client, the redevelopment branch, and, the construction branch will have to agree on the unit prices of the construction process which in turn will limit the expenditure while at the same time ensuring economic feasibility. As a matter of fact, the construction branch may as well stipulate the unit prices of the construction to ensure that the most appropriate design methodology is employed. The redevelopment aspect will furthermore require a business model for the project. There are basically two models in the construction industry that outline the construction process: design, bid, build and design-build. As in our case, the most appropriate contract will be the design-build. The contract provides the platform for the redevelopment of the building when the designer and the builder fall under one roof (Lowe, 2013). As a matter of fact, the contract provides a more efficient and date sensitive redevelopment strategy for the project. The design and the redevelopment of the building g can furthermore happen at the same time. The phases of the redevelopment There are essential principles that will need to be employed for the redevelopment phase. All these principles serve as the guide throughout the redevelopment process and as such, neglecting them may lead to a delayed completion date or wastage of resources. There are basically five phases that make up the project management and as such, the commercial manager should ensure that are all ingrained in the redevelopment or construction process. Feasibility of the project is a major principle determining factor. In this, there is a need for the evaluation of the banks proposed redevelopment plans. Furthermore, all the stakeholders in the redevelopment plan will need to be consulted to ensure that there is no infringement on any of the agreements. When all is agreed upon, we will need to create a project initiation document. The second phase mainly involves planning. The planning phase mainly outlines the goals that are to be achieved by each member of the redevelopment team. However, all this is the duty of the project manager who basically outlines the plans and afterward creates a project management plan. This documents guide the redevelopment plan and outline the control and the execution of each team member(Sommer Loch, 2009). Other documents that may be involved in this stage include the project statement and the project documentation, the structure of work breakdown, communication strategies and the plans for risk reduction. As per the planning, the business statement and objectives basically try to establish the various milestones to be achieved during the redevelopment process (IACCM, 2013). It is a very useful tool that will guide the everyday working and provide the platform for creativity and innovation. The document furthermore outlines what is to be included in the work breakdown structure. In this, the work breakdown structure is to ensure that the whole process is broken down into various chunks that can easily be managed. The third document-communication plan-outlines the proper methodology to be used in communication between the various parties involved in the redevelopment plan. It ensures that everyone in the project is reading from the same page, therefore, preventing any sort of miscommunication or misunderstanding. Finally, the risk management plan is drafted to ensure that the managers are able to identify certain risks and provide measures that will avert them. Some of the risks that ma y be associated with the redevelopment may include changing economics, inadequate resources, increasing expenditure, time risks among others. The third stage in the redevelopment is the execution. Basically, the execution phase is the stage that gives the green light for the commencement of the project. Therefore, the activities that will be involved in this stage include; execution of the various tasks, modification of the plans as well as the schedule, setting up of the tracking system among others. Moreover, this stage works hand in hand with the performance and monitoring stage(Rose, et al., 2014). The latter stage monitors the progress of the project and ensures that all is in line with the time schedule and the milestones. Finally, there is the phase that identifies the completion of the project. The main aim of this stage is to create a project report that serves to identify all the remarkable achievements and underachievers of the project(Shinn, 2008). Furthermore, this stage allows the team to perform a budgetary analysis of the project and identifies all that did not get accomplished. In the redevelopment of the bank, this will be a vital piece of information that will be delivered to the bank manager upon completion of the project. Recommendations As indicated above, contracts play a vital role in the progress of any activity that entails two or more parties. As in our case, there should be a contractual agreement between the bank manager and the redevelopment branch of the organization. By doing so, any future misunderstanding and disagreements will be averted. Furthermore, the contract will provide a blueprint for the mutual redevelopment work done by both the bank and the property development team. Another important consideration is the understanding between the architect and the construction part of the firm. By ensuring that the architect and the construction team are reading from the same script in regard to the necessary materials to be used during construction and the sizing of the different offices, any future misunderstanding will be prevented. Not all architects and construction teams work harmoniously and as such, the bank manager should take this into consideration. As a matter of fact, the architect should as per the preference of the construction team. References Beaume, R., Maniak, R. Midler, C., 2009. Crossing innovations and product project management:a comparative analysis in the automotive industry. journaal of project management. Dewar, . M., 2007. City of Detroit compiled property data from Planning and Development. Detroit, MI: s.n. Envision Eugene Technical Resource Group, 2011. Commercial Redevelopment Methodology, s.l.: s.n. Hardie, M., khan, S. O'Donnel, A., 2012. The efficacy of waste management plans in Australian commercial construction refurbishment projects. s.l.:s.n. IACCM, 2013. Fundamentals of contyract and commercial agreements. s.l.:s.n. Jonas, A. McCarthy, L., 2009. Urban management and regheneration in the united states:state intervention or redevelopment at all costs?. s.l.:s.n. Lowe, D., 2013. Commercial maagement:theory and practice. s.l.:s.n. Lowe, D. Leiringer, R., 2008. Commercial management of projects:defining the discipline. Miller, L., 2008. Contextualizing current commercial redevelopment priorities in Brightmoor:Charting the evolution of planning for commercial development in Detroits cluster 8 neighborhoods. Ann Arbor, MI. s.l.:University ofMichigan. OBrien, . J., 2008. Presentation and e-mail correspondence with the Executive Director of Northwest Detroit Development Corporation. s.l.:Thousand Oaks: Sage. Rose, g., Degan, M. Melhuist, C., 2014. Networks,interfaces,and computer genarated images:learning from visualisation of urban redevelopment projecs. Environmental and planning. Ryall, M. D. Sampson, R. C., 2009. Formal contracts in the presence of relational enforcement mechanisms:evidence from technology based projects. s.l.:s.n. Schildkret, . M., 2008. Explorations of commercial strategy for west Detroit. s.l.:University of Michigan, Urban and Regional Planning Program. Shinn, H. B., 2008. Living on the edge:financing post-displacement housing in urban redevelopment projects in seoul. environmental and urbanisation journals. Sommer, S. C. Loch, C. H., 2009. Incentive contracts with unforeseeable uncertainity. s.l.:s.n. Turner, J. R., 2008. handbook of project based management.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

President Jackson And The Removal Of The Cherokee Indians Essays

President Jackson and the Removal of the Cherokee Indians "The decision of the Jackson administration to remove the Cherokee Indians to lands west of the Mississippi River in the 1830's was more a reformulation of the national policy that had been in effect since the 1790's than a change in that policy." The dictum above is firm and can be easily proved by examining the administration of Jackson and comparison to the traditional course which was carried out for about 40 years. After 1825 the federal government attempted to remove all eastern Indians to the Great Plains area of the Far West. The Cherokee Indians of northwestern Georgia, to protect themselves from removal, made up a constitution which said that the Cherokee Indians were sovereign and not subject to the laws of Georgia. When the Cherokee sought help from the Congress that body only allotted lands in the West and urged them to move. The Supreme Court, however, in Worcester vs. Georgia, ruled that they constituted a "domestic dependent nation" not subject to the laws of Georgia. Jackson, who sympathized with the frontiersman, was so outraged that he refused to enforce the decision. Instead he persuaded the tribe to give up it's Georgia lands for a reservation west of the Mississippi. According to Document A, the map shows eloquently, the relationship between time and policies which effected the Indians. From the Colonial and Confederation treaties, a significant amount of land had been acquired from the Cherokee Indians. Successively, during Washington's, Monroe's, and Jefferson's administration, more and more Indian land was being commandeered. The administrations during the 1790's to the 1830's had gradually acquired more and more land from the Cherokee Indians. Jackson followed that precedent by the acquisition of more Cherokee lands. According to Document B, "the first of which is by raising an army, and [destroying the resisting] tribes entirely or 2ndly by forming treaties of peace with them", "under the existing circumstances of affairs, the United States have a clear right, consistently with the principles of justice and the laws of nature, to proceed to the destruction or expulsion of the savages." The use of the word savages, shows that the American had irreverence toward other ethnic backgrounds. Henry Knox wanted to destroy the cherokee tribes inorder to gain land for the United States, although he questions the morality of whether to acquire the cherokee land, his conclusion forbode's the appropriation. According to Document C, "That the Cherokee Nation may be led to a greater degree of civilization, and to become herdsmen and cultivators, instead of remaining in a state of hunters, the United States will from time to time gratuitously the said nation with useful implements of husbandry." The statement made by Henry Knox shows an ethnocentric view toward the indians. Knox viewed them as savages, and said that the role of the United States is to propagate their evolution into herdsmen and cultivators instead of hunters. What Knox did not realize was that he was attempting to change the culture of the Cherokee Indians, and that would be an infringement upon their sovereignty. According to Document E, "[In exchange for Georgia's cession of claims to certain western lands] . . . the United States shall, at their own Expense, [obtain for] the Use of Georgia, as early as the same can be peaceably obtained on reasonable terms, the indian Title . . . to all the other Lands within the State of Georgia." The statement above, explains how the United States is being avaricious in expanding the State of Georgia into cherokee lands. Manifest Destiny and irreverence toward the Cherokee Indians can be explained by this. According to Document F, "The Indian tribes . . . have for a considerable time been growing more and more uneasy at the constant diminution of the territory they occupy, although effected by their own voluntary sales, and the policy has long been gaining strength with them of refusing absolutely all further sale on any conditions . . . . In order peaceable to counteract this policy of theirs and to provide an extension of territory which the rapid increase of our numbers will call for [they should be led to an agricultural way of life, thus lessening their need for land], In leading them thus to . . . civilization . . . I trust and believe we are acting for their greatest good." Thomas Jefferson believed that some people were dependent(slaves, women, indians) and some people were independent (White males), he believed that the independent of society should help